We are often told how Wales has a lower GVA per head than most other parts of the UK. Wales is significantly poor. We are told that 'Wales is too poor to be independent', 'Wales has the poorest areas of Western Europe' and that we aren't really catching up with the rest of the UK either. All of these statements, as depressing as they are, are rooted in fact. The symptoms of this poverty are obvious- endemic low pay and in-work poverty across Wales, growing unemployment (and when employment grew in 2007 it was mainly low-paid jobs), ill health and the mass emigration of most of our educated graduates. Why is Wales so comparatively poor, when we have such massive amounts of natural resources? Why so poor when we have more heavy industry (and you'd assume that creates wealth) per head of the population than anywhere else in the UK? Why so poor when we create more energy than we consume? Why so poor when we have a history of being the first industrialised country? I am none the wiser, but would appreciate any answers!