Not got much more to say about chapter 1 that I didn't already say above. Chapter 2 - There's a lot in this chapter, so much so that I had to read some sections a few times to get all the subtleties, but my first thoughts: The review of how the word populism is used, and thus how populisms are defined, is useful not only in helping to shed a light on populisms but also on the politics of those seeking to define it. I'm still chewing over the 'vertical' vs 'horizontal' distinction drawn between populisms and other political concepts, thinking about the concept in relation to different examples of populism and other ideologies. Likewise the differentiation of 'left' and 'right' populisms (need to follow this up by reading the Judis book butchersapron linked to, but which I've not yet had a chance to read). Have to admit my ignorance about 'left' wing populism here, do Syriza still fall into this structure? I've not read any of Arditi but his quoted commentary speaks volumes to me. The political space assigned to the people no longer being satisfactory to (some) of them and the intimate connection between populism and representative democracy populism as “the form that politics assumes today, at the end of the long cycle of ‘democratic normalisation”. The section on Italy had some real insights. The example of both the Five Star Movement and Renzi mirroring each other mirroring each other in attacking existing social bodies and strengthening the executive. I'll leave it there for the moment, and let others comment.