On MEI Aleppo's Warlords and Post-War Reconstruction So repairing Aleppo alone would take more than a third of the regime's budget. With those sort of resources repairs will take decades. Aleppo isn't the only damaged city in Syria. Damage in Aleppo is focused in poorer quarters. I think that's so in other places as there's a class struggle element to the Sunni Arab rising. In old reading Iran spent about $4 billion PA on direct aid to Assad; more on the IRGC's operations. The Iranians are not made of money like the Saudis who once funded a lot of reconstruction in Lebanon in competition with them. Article mentions they've set up the proudly labeled "Iranian Reconstruction Authority” in Syria. That's typical of their deep social influence operations: aid as a revolutionary tool. They seem to be buying up a lot of real estate in Useful Syria. Assad has no other means of repaying them and Persians are savvy investors. They'll have multiple motives for rebuilding but as the article says they're not really rich enough to get this done. I'd imagine they'll also focus resources on neighbourhoods where they are building support for the Khomeinist cause. Those probably won't be the poorest most damaged quarters that most IDPs have fled from.